మీ ఇంటి చుట్టూ చాలా ఫాస్ట్ ఫుడ్ అవుట్లెట్లు ఉన్నాయా? ఇది గుండెపోటు ప్రమాదాన్ని పెంచుతుంది – ఎకనామిక్ టైమ్స్


Translating…

This emphasises on the importance of the food environment as a potential contributor towards health.

IANS|

Aug 14, 2019, 06.05 PM IST

Agencies

fastfood1
The findings show that for every additional fast food outlet, there were four additional heart attacks per 100,000 people each year.

SYDNEY: While it is known that eating

fast food

is not good for health, researchers, including one of an Indian-origin, have found that areas with a higher number of fast food outlets record more

heart

attack cases.

Published in the European Heart Journal, the findings also showed that for every additional fast food outlet, there were four additional heart attacks per 100,000 people each year.

The findings were consistent across

rural

and

metropolitan

areas after adjusting for age, obesity, high blood lipids, high blood pressure, smoking status, and diabetes. The results emphasise the importance of the food environment as a potential contributor towards health, said Indian-origin researcher Tarunpreet Saluja from the University of Newcastle in Australia.

heart
The ubiquitous presence of fast food is an important consideration for the ongoing development of rural and metropolitan areas.

This retrospective cohort study included 3,070 patients admitted to hospital with a heart attack between 2011 and 2013.

The researchers recorded the total number of outlets within each local government

area

and compared different areas to analyse the association between density of fast food restaurants and incidence of heart attack.

“The ubiquitous presence of fast food is an important consideration for the ongoing development of rural and metropolitan areas,” he said.

“This study highlights the impact of the food environment on health. In addition to regulating the location and density of fast food outlets, local areas should ensure good access to supermarkets with healthy food,” said Jeroen Bax, Professor at the Leiden University in Netherlands.

Cut Down On Salt, Drink Fluids: Simple Diet Tips To Avoid Chronic Heart Failure

Save Your Heart

29 Sep, 2018

Cardiac or heart failure is a clinical condition in which the heart loses the ability to eject blood to meet the requirements of the tissues of the body. Irrespective of the cause, nutritional concerns need to be addressed in this condition in order to prevent morbidity and mortality. Patients with chronic heart failure are at constant risk of losing weight due to the medical condition and also low dietary intake which is due poor appetite, depression or loss of appetite due to consumption of drugs.Dietary interventions to maintain and restore the nutritional balance are essential part of treatment therapy. These include a suitable change in calorie intake, reduction in sodium and fluid intake, maintenance of potassium and magnesium in the body, and appropriate supplementation with vitamins and minerals.Here are some simple tips by Dr Ritika Samaddar, Chief Nutritionist at Max Hospital, Saket.

Watch The Calories

29 Sep, 2018

Obese patients are encouraged to lose weight to minimize cardiac workload. On the other hand, in the malnourished patients with chronic heart failure, the calorie intake has to be increased to match the requirement.

Cut Down On Salt

29 Sep, 2018

In patients with heart failure, a reduction in salt intake brings about a significant improvement. Mostly, the limit is set at 2-3 gm of salt per day. This requires a control on the intake of sodium rich foods, and restricted use of table salt.

Eat More Fruits And Vegetables

29 Sep, 2018

Most diuretics increase the excretion of potassium and magnesium leading to depletion of minerals in the body. A diet high in potassium and magnesium-rich foods like fresh fruits and vegetables is encouraged and also the use of supplements.

Keep Yourself Hydrated

29 Sep, 2018

In patients with a severe fluid overload, those requiring high doses of diuretic, or those taken to excessive fluid intake, the total daily water and fluid intake should be limited in the range of 500 to 2000 ml daily.

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